Have you ever heard of Harry Houdini? Well, he wasn't like today's magicians . . . He was an artist. The greatest of all-time. He could make an elephant disappear in the middle of a theater filled with people. And do you how he did that? Misdirection. What is misdirection? What the eyes see and the ears hear, the mind believes.
--"Gabriel", played by John Travolta, in the movie Swordfish
Think about the many weapons you might have in tennis -- speed,
power, spin, strategy, fitness and even mental toughness.
Of all the weapons on the tennis court -- and for that matter,
in life -- the one least often considered is: misdirection.
Indeed, misdirection may be the most devastating weapon of all.
If speed or power kills, then misdirection obliterates. If spin
or strategy overwhelms, then misdirection vanquishes.
What is misdirection? And how does it apply on a tennis court?
Misdirection is subtle and sophisticated. It's smooth and suave.
It's brains over brawn. It's more about the mind than the body.
And it more then defeats the opponent -- it humbles him.
Misdirection is created when the opponent either:
1. expects one
thing to happen and then sees another, or
2. has no clue as to what will happen and thus by definition
suddenly sees what he does not anticipate.
Let's look at some of the ways misdirection might apply on a
Misdirection in shot direction: cross-court vs.
The most common example of misdirection is a change in
expected ball direction. Your opponent expects you to hit the ball cross-court, then
suddenly sees the ball down-the-line, or vice versa.
Misdirection in spin and pace
Another example of misdirection is when your opponent
expects a topspin shot, and then sees a flat or underspin shot. Or expects a fast-moving
or slow-paced ball, and then sees the opposite.
with inside-out vs. inside-in forehands
Misdirection is also obvious when a right-handed player
quickly moves to his left to take a backhand as a forehand shot, angling his body to create an expectation
that he might hit an inside-out forehand (cross-court shot). Then, he produces an inside-in forehand
in direction of serves: out-wide, into-the-body and
Misdirection is also commonly created when, from an identical
toss motion, the server can disguise his service direction. How often has Pete Sampras fooled his
opponent with one of the best disguised serves in tennis history?
in hitting behind the opponent
Misdirection is starkly apparent when a player hits a
ball in the opposite direction in which his opponent is moving, "behind the opponent."
with the Drop Shot
One of the most devastating examples of misdirection on the
court is when a ferocious rally concludes with an unexpected drop shot (volley or groundstroke). One player simply raises his racket head above the level of the ball and angles it downward, producing a gently floating ball dropping into the court just
over the net on the opponent's side.
with the Disguised Offensive Lob
An experienced and savvy player with ball control can
misdirect his opponent by appearing to prepare a standard
passing shot, but then suddenly launching an offensive lob over his opponent's head.
How can a player help create misdirection?
One way might be to deliberately shape your opponent's
expectation -- and then suddenly offer up something quite different than
what was expected.
The best way to do that is simply to keep all your body's
movements exactly the same until the very last second, thereby creating disguise.
Then, by a quick angling of the
shoulder, wrist and racket head, a very different shot is produced than expected.
Another way to produce misdirection is to deliberately offer up
no clue as where and what type of shot you will hit. Then, any shot you hit will, by definition, be unanticipated.
The classic way to do this is to keep your head down
as long as possible through the shot. This minimizes any message about where and how your ball will be
Another, less common, way to produce misdirection, is a
simple head fake -- looking with your eyes (and thus positioning your head) in the opposite direction from where
you are aiming.
What can help any player keep his head down or look the other way easier?
Answer: Develop an intentionality to every shot, without regard
to the position of your head or eyes.
Never hit a shot without first having a clear and powerful
intention about the shot you are hitting - where you want it to go and with what spin and pace.
If you can create a belief in the opponent, by your movement
and body language, that he will see one thing -- and then you suddenly execute the opposite or different action, you
will begin to develop the subtle but devastating art of misdirection.